Tabriz Rug — Tabriz carpet and rug is known well by the world for its superb craftsmanship. Each exquisite rug is a living art piece and every thread presents the sediments of thousands of years civilization and the inspiration and imagination of artists. Iran is the birthplace of carpet weaving art. As the successor of the Persian Empire, the rich carpet culture is just the culture of Iran. Every finished carpet with beautiful design and colorful colors is based on the time-consuming hard work of at least seven to eight skilled workers, which usually takes many years to weave a top quality rug. Due to its distinct handicrafts and exquisite carpets, Tabriz is the main center for the production of the famous Persian Rugs. And the distinctive durability of Tabriz’s carpets and its unique designs make it a famous brand in the worldwide carpet markets.
The Brief Information About Tabriz Rug
Located in the northwestern Iranian plateau, the fourth largest city, Tabriz, is known as the hometown of Persian carpets and rugs and is one of the oldest carpet production area in Persia. The Tabriz carpets and rugs make outstanding contributions to the revival of the Persian carpets that were at a low tide in the 19th century. The particular attention to detail in samples of silk was used to highlight the style.
Tabriz carpets and rugs usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs. They often feature symmetrical and balanced designs. And they usually have a single medallion that is surrounded with vines and palmettos. One of the main quality characteristics of Tabriz carpets and rugs is the weaving style, using specialties that guarantee the durability of the rug in comparison for example with Kashan rugs.
Here is a folk story about Tabriz carpets and rugs: In the days when the Mongols campaigned the West Asia, one day, the great general Marian commanded a group of troops to Iran and Mesopotamia, every place the army goes where plunged the people into misery and suffering. This army slaughtered all the way to the Taoli Temple in the northwest of Persia. It should have another massacre when the locals rushed to offer an exquisite handmade fabric, what surprised the general greatly when he saw this rare treasure, so the locals saved peacefully. This temple in the city is now the home of Iran carpet – Tabriz. Therefore, the rug produced in Tabriz was the largest producing area in Iran’s export carpets, and it is famous in the world for its traditional patterns.
About the general features on Tabriz carpets and rugs: The most elements are from vegetation, flowers are also very important elements of Tabriz rugs. And the most of the designs are centered on symmetry, and the main floral patterns focus on the center areas.
Two Subgroups of The Tabriz school
Usually, the Tabriz school can be divided into 2 subgroups: Tabriz and Ardabil.
A Tabriz carpet or rug is a type in the general category of Persian carpets from the city of Tabriz, which is the capital city of East Azerbaijan Province in north west of Iran totally populated by Azerbaijanis. It is one of the oldest rug weaving centers and makes a huge diversity of types of oriental carpets. Like Kashan and Isfahan carpets, Tabriz carpets and rugs capture the sophistication and refinement of the classical Safavid Court carpets. The vintage Tabriz carpets and rugs are real the rich heritage of the elegance and tradition combined with subtle innovations inspired by Western taste and artistry.
About the Ardabil rug or carpet, it originates from Ardabil which is located in the province of Ardabil Province in northwestern Iran. Ardabil rugs mainly feature motifs that are very similar to Caucasian rugs, but with more motifs and objects woven into the borders. The colors are also lighter. The patterns are predominantly geometric and the most common layouts on Ardabil rugs are medallions, multiple connected diamond-shaped medallions, and all-over octagonal shapes. And the most recognized design found on Ardabil rugs is the famous Mahi (Herati) design which shows a diamond medallion and small fish throughout.
They are all famous oriental carpet weaving areas.
Types of Tabriz Carpet and Rug
When it comes to the types of Tabriz carpets and rugs, it usually has one of the most diverse displays of designs from medallion, Herati/Mahi, to figural, pictorial, and even 3-d shaped rugs.
- Heris Rugs
Heris rugs or carpets are associated with the village of Heriz or Herez to the North East of Tabriz. Their composition and common shapes of the details are created on the basis of the composition “lachak turanj”, which is formed by the foliate curve-linear patterns. However, with time the patterns of this composition became dotted and created an independent carpet pattern. Often the designs are recalled from memory and passed down through the ages. It is not surprising because since the beginning of the 16th century till now the craftsmen in Heris have traditionally been making only this type of carpet, and they know perfectly well its design and pattern even every details. It is worth mentioning that Heris carpets are also renowned for flat-weave rugs.
- Four Season Rug
Four Season design rugs is also famous in Azerbaijan and other parts of Iran. The carpets of this type combine ancient elements of the decorative art, traditional symbolism dating back to the spiritual conceptions of the early farming age, and religious scenes. Each of the four parts of the carpet field is independent in terms of its composition. It depicts scenes of each season and represents the images of the peasants’ way of life. Just like in Spring, it shows vivid trees in bloom, all kinds of animals; in Summer, it depicts the harvesting scenes including many activities on the filed; in Autumn, harvesting, tillage and sowing; and in Winter, some scenes like the peasants sweep the snow off the roofs, whip up the loaded donkeys to the village.
Besides, this design in present days also presents many natural scenes such as the corner of gardens, some floral patterns, and landscapes, which is also known as “garden scene” design.
The dominating tone colors are usually diverse from ivory, blue and red hues.
- Trees or Tree of Life Rugs
Tree of Life rugs or carpets usually consist largely of one or several trees and bushes, in rare cases – of a cluster of trees. The trees are of different appearance. In ancient times such compositions were based on some legendary events, love scenes, mythological and sometimes even religious and fanatical plots. The weeping willow was a symbol of love, the oak represented strength and courage, and the pomegranate personified abundance and luck. This classic carpet design is used in Qum, Tabriz, Isfahan and Kashan.
- Motifs Rugs
Except the rugs or carpets with abstract patterns, there were also special subject or motifs carpets as well. Normally, the subject or motifs carpets were based on various topics, the most favorite being those of hunting scenes and animals, figures, literature plots and religious themes.
Rexrugs Provides Handmade Tabriz Silk Carpets and Rugs
Tabriz is the host to some of the most beautiful rugs in the world, and their beauty do not only rely upon their rich cultural background, but their design capturing the sophistication and complexity which is a force that is untouched by any rug in the industry. On the basis of over 500,000 square feet handmade silk carpets, Rexrugs provides various Persian Tabriz silk carpets and rugs, which may be found in any color whether you are looking for bold designs or traditional patterns, you will find the perfect one you want here.
View A Wide Selection of Handmade Vintage Tabriz Silk Rugs Here…
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